What is bone made from?
Bones are made up of a framework of a protein called collagen, with a mineral called calcium phosphate that makes the framework hard and strong. Bones store calcium and release some into the bloodstream when it’s needed by other parts of the body.
Bone and its types
The four principal types of bones are long, short, flat and irregular. Bones that are longer than they are wide are called long bones. They consist of a long shaft with two bulky ends or extremities. They are primarily compact bone but may have a large amount of spongy bone at the ends or extremities.
Bone and its function
The bone is a connective tissue that is made up of different types of cells. Internally, it has a honeycomb-like matrix that gives rigidity to bones. The primary function of the bones is to provide structural support to the body and enable mobility. They also produce RBCs and WBCs and store minerals inside them.
Bones have DNA
Any body tissue that has not been degraded is a potential source of DNA. Bone is one of the best sources of DNA from decomposed human remains. Even after the flesh is decomposed, DNA can often be obtained from demineralized bone.
Bones are alive
In fact, bones, like all other tissues in your body are alive. Because bones are the main support structure for us, they are made of a hard material that is mainly calcium. Throughout this hard substance, are blood vessels and nerves.