Home Technology What is an Automobile and it’s main parts and components?

What is an Automobile and it’s main parts and components?


An Automobile is a passenger vehicle designed for running on ordinary roads and typically having four wheels and a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. It has many integral components .without them the automobile cannot work properly.

It is important to know about the main components and part’s of an automobile because the without the knowledge of it’s parts we cannot use it in a comprehensive way. In this article we will talk about it,s Main components and part’s which are important especially for a car owner.

Main Parts and Components of an automobile:

The main parts and components of an automobile are given below:

  • The Radiator
  • AC Compressor
  • Battery
  • brakes
  • Alternator
  • Axle
  • Shock absorbers
  • Transmission System

These are the main components of an automobile If you want to know about the full details of components of an automobile then read the full article.

The Radiator:

A radiator is a tool which is used to eliminate excess heat from the engine. It is part of the engine’s cooling system, It also have further several parts that monitors the coolant temperature.

The most common type of radiators for passenger vehicles are currently plastic and aluminium.

Ac Compressor:

The purpose of the AC compressor is to circulate the Cooling effect in the system under pressure, this concentrates the heat it contains. It’s not safe to drive with a damage AC compressor. Because it can cause greater damage to your engine and even your health.


The first purpose of an auto battery is to provide power for starting your vehicle. It also provides power for short-term use of things like lights, stereo etc when the engine is off.The most common type of car battery in Subcontinent is a Lead Acid Battery.


A brake is a mechanical device that stops motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.It is used for slowing or stopping a moving vehicle, wheel, axle, or to prevent its motion, most often Completed by the friction.


An alternator is an integral part of an automobile and it’s a type of electric generator used in modern automobiles to charge the battery and to power the electrical system when its engine is running.


An axle on your vehicle is a rod or shaft that rotates the wheels and supports the car’s weight. Most commonly Cars only have two axles.

Shock Absorbers:

In vehicles, shock absorbers reduce the effect of rough ground and protect us from sudden jerks.Shock absorbers keep your tires in contact with the road at all times.

Transmission System:

Transmission System in an automobile is used for transferring engine power to the driveshaft and rear wheels. Gears inside the transmission change the vehicle’s drive-wheel speed.

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